Geography of Sambalpur

Sambalpur, pronounced as Sambalpur, is the second most populated city of the eastern state of Odisha. The population density observed in this city is about 122 per sq. km. It is the economic and education hub of Odisha.

Geography of Sambalpur

Location of Sambalpur

Sambalpur is spread across a total area of 6702 sq.km of which about 3363 sq.km is considered as forest area. Located between  210 27' North Latitude and 830 58' East Longitude, this city is elevated at a height of 150.75 meters above sea level. Sambalpur has been categorized in the Zone-3 seismic number which translates this city as an earthquake prone zone.

Landscape of Sambalpur

This city of Odisha lies along the banks of Mahanadi, the longest river of this state which enters from the north western border. This river flows along the west of this city, and it causes demarcation between Sambalpur and Burla.  The famous multipurpose dam project Hirakud is built along this river, and it is one of the most famous dams of India that is known globally. This dam is situated along the upstream of Sambalpur. The other important rivers located along the area of this city are Maltijor, the Harrad, the Kulsara, the Bheden and the Phuljharan.

The landscape of this city is divided into three segments namely the hilly terrain of Bamra and Kuchinda along the north, plateau of Rairakhol along the south-east and valley of Sambalpur sub division along the south east. There is a small reserve forest located along the area of this city which is known as Budharaja.

Weather Conditions in Sambalpur

Sambalpur is known for enjoying extreme climatic conditions throughout the year. The summers in this city are hot and dry while the winters are extremely cold and monsoons are known to be humid. The temperature in the month of May goes as high as 470. The month of December is considered to be the coldest in Sambalpur. The temperature in the city during December goes to an absolute low of about 50 C. Summers start somewhere in the first week of March and last till mid June. The end of summer marks the beginning of Monsoons in Sambalpur. The city gets the rainfall due to the flow of South Western winds, and this is why Sambalpur gets rains around mid June. Sambalpur’s enjoys pleasant weather conditions during the months ranging from October to February. The humidity and heat observed in this city are at their absolute low during these months. The temperatures during the day would be somewhere around 300 C during the day, while it goes as low as 200 C during the night.

During the monsoons, relative humidity observed in this city is pretty high, about 75%. The humidity reduces as soon as the monsoons give way to winters, which is generally a pretty dry season in Sambalpur.

The speed of winds is about 53 kmph at the onset of Monsoons in Sambalpur. There has been no occurrence of cyclone in this city since 1982, but the winds during monsoon stay pretty strong.  The city has seen pretty heavy rains, and the heaviest ever recorded by the weather department was 581.9mm, in the year 1982. This was considered to be the heaviest till about September 2010 when Sambalpur recorded a rainfall of 743.8mm. On an average the city experiences 66 days of rains, and records about 153 cms of rainfall per annum. The areas along Mahanadi river in this city are considered to be flood prone areas.


Best Time to Visit Sambalpur
: September to March is considered to be the best time to visit this city as the weather is neither humid nor hot during this time. The cold waves are pleasant making the stay comfortable too.

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